Prof. George Hewitt

Publication List


a) Abkhaz - vol 2 of Lingua Descriptive Studies, Amsterdam, 1979, 283pp. (in collaboration with Zaira Khiba) [later reprinted by both Croom Helm and Routledge]

b) The Typology of Subordination in Georgian and Abkhaz. Mouton de Gruyter, 1987.

c) Editor: Chato Gudjedjiani and Letas Palmaitis Svan-English Dictionary. 1985. Caravan Books, New York. vii, 369pp.

d) Editor/Contributor: Indigenous Languages of the Caucasus; North West Caucasus (vol. II), Caravan Books, 1989, New York.

e) Editor/Contributor: Caucasian Perspectives, May 1992, Lincom Europa, iv+406pp.

f) Georgian: A Learner's Grammar, 485pp., 15 Dec 1995, Routledge. (2nd, revised ed., 2005, xiv + 482)

g) A Structural-Reference Grammar of Georgian, Benjamins/SOAS Handbook of Oriental Languages, 715pp., Dec 1995.

h) A Georgian Reader, 377pp., Dec 1995, SOAS.

i) Editor/Contributor (with David Bennett and Thea Bynon): Subject, Voice and Ergativity, Selected Essays, 262pp., 1995. SOAS.

j) Guest-editor for the Caucasian section (pp.43-189) of Central Asian Survey (volume 14.1, 1995)

k) Editor/Contributor: The Abkhazians: A Handbook, 288pp. 1998, Curzon Press.

l) With Zaira Khiba: Abkhaz Newspaper Reader (with supplements), Dunwoody Press, Maryland, xxvi+309pp., 1998.

m) Guest-editor for Central Asian Survey containing papers on Chechenia from the Nov 2002 day-conference at SOAS that I organised (vol. 22.4, 2003).

n) Introduction to the Study of the Languages of the Caucasus, Lincom Europa, 2004, viii + 346.

o) Abkhazian Folktales (with grammatical introduction, translation, notes and vocabulary), Lincom Europa, 2005, ix + 326.

p) Pages from the Abkhazian Folk Tradition (with Zurab Dzhop'ua and Zaira Khiba). Sukhum, 2008, 324pp.

q) A Self-Tutor in Abkhaz, Lincom Europa, 2010, 331pp.

r) Discordant Neighbours: A Reassessment of the Georgian-Abkhazian and Georgian-South Ossetian Conflicts, Brill



1 'Review of R Zwolanek "Altgeorgische Kurzgrammatik"', in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1978.

2  "The North Wind and the Sun" in Literary Abkhaz, in Bedi Kartlisa, Paris, 1978, 266-274.

3  "The North Wind and the Sun" in Literary Adighe, in Bedi Kartlisa, 1978, 338-347.

4  "The Armenian Relative Clause" in International Review of Slavic Linguistics, 1978, 3, 99-138.

5  "The East Wind and the Sun" in T'ap'anta Dialect of Abaza, in Bedi Kartlisa, 1979, 298-308 (with Z. K. Khiba).

6  "The North Wind and the Sun" in Mingrelian, in Bedi Kartlisa, 1979, 309-318 (with  Z. K. Khiba).

7  "The expression of 'inferentiality' in Abkhaz", in Journal of Linguistics, 1979, 87-92.

8  "The Relative Clause in Abkhaz (Abzhui Dialect)", in Lingua 47, 1979, 151-188.

9  "Aspects of Verbal Affixation in Abkhaz (Abzhui Dialect)", in Transactions of the Philological Society, 1979, 211-238.

10 "The Relative Clause in Adyghe (Temirgoi Dialect)", in Annual of Ibero-Caucasian Linguistics, Tbilisi, 1979, 134-162.

11 "The Daghestanian Causative: Variations on a Theme", in International Review of Slavic Linguistics, 1980, 5, 173-204. Papers in Linguistics, 1983, 16.3-4, 171-202.

12 "The North Wind and The Sun" in Svan, in Bedi Karlisa, 1980, 257-268.

13 Chapters on Armenian (jointly with Prof B. S. Comrie), 292-300, and Caucasian, 321-384, in Comrie's Languages of the USSR, Cambridge University Press, 1981.

14 "Notes on the Mingrelian Relative" in Georgian translation in Tbilisi University's Collection of the Works of Young           Scientists, 1981: (= axalgzazrda mecnierta sabch'o: shromebi VII, humanit'arul da sazogadoebriv mecnierebata seria, 73-93, Tbilisi University Press, 1981).

15 "The North Wind and the Sun" in Avar, in Bedi Kartlisa, 1981, 268-278.

16 "The Kinship-terminology of Georgian, Mingrelian and Abkhaz", in Bedi Kartlisa, 1981, 256-267.

17 "The North Wind and the Sun" in Georgian, in Bedi Kartlisa, 1982, 337-43.

18 "A Case of Syntactic Confusion in Abkhaz", in Annual of Ibero-Caucasian Linguistics, Tbilisi, 1982, IX, 105-110.

19 "Another Look at the Georgian Speech-particle '-tko//-tkva'", (in German) in Georgica (Jena), 4, 83-85, 1982 (=Eine weitere Betrachtung der georgischen Redepartikel'-tko//-tkva'.)

20 "'Anti-passive' and 'Labile' constructions in North Caucasian", in General Linguistics 22, 1982, 158-171.

21 "From direct to indirect speech: a South Caucasian anomaly", in Folia Slavica 5, 1982, 206-213.

22 'Review of A C Harris "Georgian Syntax: a study in relational grammar"', in Lingua 59, 1983, 247-274.

23 'Review of T V Gamkrelidze & G I Machavariani "Sonantensystem und Ablaut in den Kartwelsprachen" (trans. W Boeder)', in Journal of Linguistics 19, 1983, 286.

24 "A Svan (Lashx) text, I", in Bedi Kartlisa, 1983, 278-287.

25 'Review of D A Holisky "Aspect and Georgian medial verbs"', in Lingua 60 1983, 363-373.

26 "Die Markierung des direkten Objektes des altgeorgischen 'Infinitivs'", in Georgica 5, 1983, 18-23.

27 'Review of H I Aronson "Georgian: a reading grammar"', in Lingua 61, 1983, 285-293.

28 "Georgian", in Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Soviet National Languages: Their Past, Present and Future, edited by I T Kreindler. Mouton, de Gruyter, 1985, 163-179.

29 "A Svan (Lashx) text, II", in Bedi Kartlisa, 1985, 9-34.

30 "Another look at the Geo. speech-particle '-tko//-tkva'", in Bedi Kartlisa, 1984, 354-360.

31 "Parataxis revisited (via the Caucasus)", in General Linguistics, 24, 1, 1984, 1-20.

32 "Speech-reporting in the Caucasus" (with S Crisp), inTrends in Linguistics: Studies & Monographs 31. Direct and Indirect Speech, ed. Florian Coulmas, 121-143, Mouton de Gruyter, 1986.

33 'Review of A Warner "Complementation in Middle English"', in Lingua 62, 1984, 157-62.

34 'Review of A Meillett "Altarmenisches Elementarbuch"', in Lingua 62, 1984, 149-50.

35 'Review of V Georgiev "Introduction to the History of the I.E. Languages"', in Lingua 63, 3-4, 1984, 327-330.

36 'Review of P. Kiparsky "Explanation in Phonology"', in Lingua, 1985, 87-89.

37 'Contribution to Comparative North West Caucasian Studies, 1', in Studia Caucasia 6 (with Z. K. Khiba), 1985, 25-30.

38 "Abkhaz" and "Introduction" in North West Caucasian volume of The Indigenous Languages of the Caucasus 2, (edited by B. G. Hewitt), Caravan Books, 1989.

39 "Notes on the Georgian relative clause" (in German), Georgica, 8, 13-15 (Bemerkungen zum georgischen Relativsatz), 1985.          

40 "The labialised sibilants of Ubykh (North West Caucasian)", in Revue des Etudes Georgiennes et Caucasiennes, 2, 1986, 21-30.          

41 Contribution to Comparative North West Caucasian Studies, 2 (with Z. K. Khiba), in Studia Caucasia, 7, 1987, 66-74.

42 'Friends of Georgia', review of Guram Sharadze's "Bednierebisa da Satnoebis Saundzhe", TLS, No 4253, 1133.

43 "Parataxe rückbetrachtet (ueber den Kaukasus)", in Georgica, 7, 1984, 13-21.

44 'Review of R Smeets "Studies in West Circassian Phonology and Morphology"', in  Lingua, 1985, 382-387.

45 'Review of H Fähnrich (ed.) "Sprachen Kaukasiens"', in Lingua, 1985, 333-335.

46 Review of "Svanetis Cis Kvesh, in REGC, 1, 1985, 281-283.          

47 'Review of "P'irveli Kartuli Nabech'di Gamocemebi"', in REGC, 1, 1985, 274-276.

48 "Lexicography of the Caucasian Languages I: Georgian and Kartvelian", in Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft: Woerterbücher. Berlin, de Gruyter, 1991, 2415-2417.

49 "Lexicography of the Caucasian Languages II: Northwest Caucasian Languages", in  Handbücher zur Sprach- und            Kommunikationswissenschaft: Woerterbücher. Berlin, de Gruyter, 1991, 2418-2419.

50  "'The Mirror' (= sark'(e)) in Mingrelian", in REGC, 4, 1988, 21-49.          

51 "Some Caucasian ways of 'being full'". Georgica 11, 1989. (Georgian version = savsed q'opnis gamoxat'va ramdenime k'avk'asiur enashi, in a collection dedicated to the 100th birthday of A G Shanidze, Tbilisi = 119-127 of p'irveli saertashoriso kartvelologiuri simp'oziumis masalebi, 1988)

52 "Unexpected subject-marking in Kartvelian".  (= Unerwartete Subjekt-Markierung im Kartwelischen). Georgica, 10, 1987, 13-17.          

53 "Georgian - Ergative or Active?". Lingua 'Studies in Ergativity' (special edition edited by R M W Dixon), 1987, 319-340.

54 'Review of E. A. Nida, J. P. Louw, A. H. Snyman, and J. v W. Cronje: "Style and Discourse", New York, United Bible Societies. Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 28, 1986, 121-123.

55  'Review - article of Syntax and Semantics 18: A. C. Harris "Diachronic Syntax: The Kartvelian Case"'. REGC, 3, 1989, 173-213.          

56 "Caucasian Languages". W. Bright (ed.) Oxford International Encyclopaedia of Linguistics, vol. 1. New York & Oxford, OUP, 1992, 220-228.

57 'Review of "Folia Slavica 7."' 1988, Lingua, 74, 337-345.

58 "Aspects of Language Planning in Georgia", in Soviet Language Planning - SSEES Seminar Papers, edited by M.            Kirkwood. Macmillan, 1989, 123-144.

59 'Review of Studia Caucasologica I and II', BSOAS, 1989.

60 "Languages in Contact: a Transcaucasian example", Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung (ZPSK), Berlin 44 (1991), 3, 295-300.

 61 'Review of "The Georgian Chronicle"', (ed.S. Qaukhchishvili), translated by Katherine Vivian. (BSOAS, 55.2, 1992, 342-343, June).

62 "On the etymology of Bich'vinta (Pitsunda)", in: Revue des Etudes Géorgiennes et Caucasiennes, 6-7, 1993, 205-209.

63 "Languages in contact in N W Georgia: Fact or Fiction?", in: Caucasian Perspectives (ed. B. G. Hewitt), 1992, 244-258.

64 "Language and Nationalism in Georgia, and the West's Response", to appear in: Towards a New Community. Culture and Politics in Post-Totalitarian Europe.  1993, SSEES, 161-176.

65 "Abkhazia: a problem of identity and ownership", Central  Asian Survey 12.3, 1993, 267-323. (Earlier versions also in Journal of Nationalities &Transcaucasian Boundaries, edited by John Wright, Suzanne Goldenberg, Richard Schofield, 1996, UCL Press, 190-225).

66  "Georgian: Ergative, Active, or What?", 1995, in: Subject, Voice and Ergativity (ed. D. C. Bennett, T. Bynon, B.G. Hewitt). SOAS, 202-217. 

67  "The Valid and Non-valid Application of Etymology/Philology to History", in: SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics, 2 (1991-92, 5-24)/Revue des Etudes Géorgiennes et Caucasiennes 6-7, (REGC), 1993, 247-264.

68 'Review of Jonathan Aves "Paths to National Independence in Georgia, 1987-1990"' in The Slavonic and East European Review, 70.2, April 1992, 394-395.

69 "Georgian" and "Kartvelian" in the Pergamon Encyclopaedia of Language and Linguistics, 1994, 1418-19 & 1417-18.

70 "Greenberg's Universals" in the Pergamon Encyclopaedia of Language and Linguistics, 1994, 1500-04.

71 "Abkhaz", in: The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet Literatures.

72 "Abaza", in: The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet Literature.

73 "Circassians" in Some Minorities in the Middle East (SOAS report for the FCO), 50-51, 1992.

74 Another case of the influence of Abkhaz on Mingrelian syntax? In: Catherine Paris (ed.) Caucasologie et mythologie comparée, Actes du Colloque international du CNRS -- Ve Colloque de Caucasologie (Sèvres, 27-29 juin, 1988), Paris: Peeters, 1992, 405-409.

75 Demographic Manipulation in the Caucasus, in: The Journal of Refugee Studies, 8.1, 48-74, 1995.

76  sibrjne sicruisa -- A reply to Paul Henze's views on Georgia, paper prepared for the International Negotiating Network's 17-19 Feb 1993 seminar 2 on conflict-resolution at the Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia.

77 The North West Caucasus (an ignoble tradition continued or the unknown diaspora), paper distributed with conference-papers at The Contemporary North Caucasus conference (22-23 April 1993, SOAS).

78 Review of Dictionnaire Abzakh (tcherkesse occidental) II -- Phrases et Textes Illustratifs: II1 (1987), II2 (1990), II3 (1992). By Catherine Paris and Niaz Batouka. Paris: Peeters, in BSOAS, 57.3, 598, 1994.

79 Review of Marie Bennigsen Broxup (ed.) The North Caucasus Barrier, in: BSOAS 56,3 Oct. 1993).

80 Joint-review of Mary Russell Please don\' call it Soviet Georgia, and Peter Nasmyth Georgia: a rebel in the Caucasus. in BSOAS, 58.1, 167, 1995.

81 Review of Martin Haspelmath A Grammar of Lezgian. In BSOAS, 58.3, 568, 1995.

82 Peoples of the Caucasus, in Times Books 'Guide to the Peoples of Europe', edited by F. Fernandez-Armesto, 1994, 366-384.

83 Why do we need a new grammar of Mingrelian?, in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium in Kartvelian Studies, 328-335. Tbilisi: University Press, 1993.

84 Abkhaz, in The Indigenous Languages of the Caucasus: the Languages and Their Speakers, A.C. Harris & R. Smeets (eds.) (15,000 words).

85 Articles on Shalva Inal-Ipa, Levars Kvitsinia, Iua Kogonia, Mushni Khashba, in The Modern Encycolopådia of Russian and Soviet Literature.

86 The Caucasus, presentation to the UK Parliament's Defence Committee (April 1994).

87 Supplementary Notes to Swetlana Tscherwonnaja's Blumen den Siegern, Blumen mit Blut, in Mitteilungsblatt der Berliner Georgischen Gesellschaft 27 (April 1994, pp.10-14) & 28 (May 1994, pp.8-10).

88 Yet a third consideration of Völker, Sprachen und Kulturen des südlichen Kaukasus., Central Asian Survey, 14.2, 285-310, 1995.

89 "Georgia: the language-situation" in the Pergamon Encyclopaedia of Language and Linguistics, 1994, 1417-18.

90 "Armenian" in the Pergamon Encyclopaedia of Language and Linguistics, 1994, 219-221.

91 Guests on their own territory, in Index on Censorship, 19.1, Jan 1990, 23-25.

92 (with Elisa Watson) Abkhazians, in Encyclopaedia of World Cultures, vol. 6, Soviet Union, 1993, 5-10. Revised by Hewitt alone for the 2nd edition.

93 Review of Moshe Gammer Muslim Resistance to the Tsar (Shamil and the Conquest of Chechnia and Daghestan), in BSOAS, 59.1, 1996.

94 Review of Suzanne Goldenberg The Pride of Small Nations, in Central Asian Survey, 14.4, 579-586, 1995.

95 Review of H. FähnrichGrammatik der altgeorgischen Sprache (Hamburg: Buske Verlag), in BSOAS 59.2, 1996, 372

96 Review of G. Klimov Einführung in die kaukasischen Sprachen (Hamburg: Buske Verlag), in BSOAS, 60.1, 144-145.

97 Review of Indo-germanica et Caucasica (Festschrift to K.H. Schmidt), edited by R. Bielmeier & Stempel, in BSOAS 59.2, 1996, 370

98 Male Dress in the Caucasus (with special reference to Abkhazia and Georgia), in Nancy Lindisfarne-Tapper & Bruce Ingham (eds.) Languages of Dress in the Middle East, 93-106, Curzon Press, 1997, with Zaira Khiba.

99Translation of Vazha-Pshavela's 'The Jays' Wedding', published as a bilingual booklet with illustrations. 1987. Tbilisi: Khelovneba.

100 Review of The North Caucasus: Minorities at a Crossroads. Report 94/5 by Minority Rights Group International, by Helen Krag and Lars Funch, in Central Asian Survey, 14.4, 586-593,1995.

101 Caucasian Languages, in Glanville Price (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the Languages of Europe, 1998, 57-81.

102 A contribution to the lexicography of Abkhaz, in S. Özsoy (ed.) Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Studia Caucasologica III, 128-132

103 Review of D. Rayfield The Literature of Georgia: A History, in BSOAS 59.3, 1996.

104 A suggestion for Romanizing the Abkhaz alphabet (based on Monika Höhlig's Adighe Alfabet), in BSOAS, LVIII, 334-340, 1995.

105 Kartvelian preverbs, included as Appendix in my Introduction to the Study of the Languages of the Caucasus, 2004.

106 An Upper Bal (Svan) Text: Pägo and Tantxe:ri:l, to appear

107 Appendix to Documents from the KGB archive in Sukhum. Abkhazia in the Stalin years (in Central Asian Survey, 14.1, 155-188). Translation of, and introduction to, the texts (with concluding remarks), in Central Asian Survey 15.2, 1996, 259-297.

108 Review of Helma van den Berg A Grammar of Hunzib, in BSOAS 60.2, 1997.

109 Assyrian, in Glanville Price (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the Languages of Europe, 1998, 18.

110 Obituary for Prof. David Marshall Lang (The Guardian 6 April 1991)

111 Obituary for Prof. Yuri Voronov (The Independent 15 Sept 1995)

112 The Caucasus: an Overview (New Statesman) (commissioned but not printed)

113 Obituary for Prof. Sir Harold Bailey (Daily Telegraph 19 Jan 1996)

114 Obituary for Prof. Sir Harold Bailey (with Prof. N. Sims-Williams), BSOAS, 60.1, 109-116.

115 Post-war Developments in the Georgian-Abkhazian Dispute, in Contrasts and Solutions in the Caucasus, (eds. S.M. Yürükel & O, Hoiris), Aarhus University Press, 1998, 199-225.

116 Reviews of CHRISTOPHER J. WALKER: Visions of Ararat. Writings on Armenia, IVANE IMNAISHVILI, VAKHT’ANG IMNAISHVILI: zmna dzvel kartulshi, ROBERT W. THOMSON: Rewriting Caucasian History. The Medieval Armenian Adaptation of the Georgian Chronicles. The Original Georgian Texts and the Armenian Adaptation. Translated with Introduction and Commentary by Robert W. Thomson, in BSOAS

117 Reviews of Aves, Jonathan. Georgia: from chaos to stability?, Coppieters, Bruno (ed.). Contested borders in the Caucasus, in SEER

118 Çeçenler ve Komshuları, in Kafkasya, 64-72, 1997.

119 Review of ROBERT CHENCINER: Daghestan: tradition and survival, in BSOAS

120 Review of CARLOTTA GALL & THOMAS DE WAAL Chechnya: A Small Victorious War, in Central Asian Survey 17.1, 1998, 185-88.

121 Roman-based alphabets as a life-line for endangered languages, in Tipologija i teorija jazyka. Ot opisanija k objasneniju. K 60-letiju Aleksandra Evgenjevicha Kibrika [Typology and Linguistic Theory. From Description to Explanation], edited by Ja.G. Testelets & E.V. Rakhilina, 613-621pp. Moscow: Jazyki Russkoj Kul'tury, 1999.

122 Corrigenda to, and Suggestions for, 'Rewriting Caucasian History' by Robert Thomson (ms.)

123 The role of scholars in the Abkhazians' loss of trust in the Georgians and how to remedy the situation, in Mehmet Tütüncü (ed.) Caucasus: War and Peace. The New World Disorder and Caucasia, pp.115-125, 1998 (Haarlem, SOTA).

124 Review of V.N. NERSESSIAN (compiler): A Bibliography of Articles on ARMENIAN STUDIES in Western Journals, 1869-1995. xi, 242 pp. London: Curzon Press, 1997, in BSOAS

125 The Languages of the Caucasus: Scope for Study and Survival, SOAS Inaugural Lecture, delivered 13th January 1998. Published by SOAS June 1998.

126 Review of Nicholas Awde (ed.) Armenian Perspectives. 10th anniversary conference of the Association Internationale des Etudes Arméniennes (School of Oriental and African Studes, London), x + 436 pp. London: Curzon Press, 1997, in BSOAS & in Armenian Voice 33, 1998.

127 Abaza, Abkhaze(s), in Larousse's Dictionnaire des Peuples. Sociétés d'Afrique, d'Amérique, d'Asie et d'Océanie, edited by J-C. Tamisier, 1-2, 1998

128 Obstacles To Economic Progress In Georgia And How To Overcome Them, conference-paper for 'Peaceful Caucasus' (Tbilisi, 21-26 May, 1998), published 1998 Caucasica -- The Journal of Caucasian Studies, 2, 100-109, Tbilisi University Press.

129 Obituary for Prof. Charles Dowsett, The Guardian, 27 Feb 1998.

130 Chechen Islamism, in Oxford Analytica, East Europe Daily Brief, 5 May 1998.

131 North Caucasus, in Oxford Analytica, East Europe Daily Brief, 14 May 1998.

132 Georgia, in Oxford Analytica, East Europe Daily Brief, 1998.

133 Review of Sebastian Smith Allah's Mountains (I.B. Tauris, 1998), in Central Asian Survey 17.4, 722-28, 1998.

134 Review of Alexandr E. Kibrik (ed.) Godoberi (Lincom Europa, 1996), in BSOAS

135 Review of Antony Eastmond Royal Imagery in Medieval Georgia (Pennsylvania   State University, 1998), in BSOAS

136 Review of Kevin Tuite Svan (Lincom Europa, 1997), in BSOAS

137 Review of Peter Nasmyth Georgia. In the Mountains of Poetry (Curzon Press, 1998), in BSOAS

138 Morphologically-sensitive phonological rules in the Svan verbal complex, in Bedi Kartlisa. Revue de Kartvélologie XL, 1982, 330-336.

139 Review of Ben Fowkes (ed.) Russia and Chechnia: Essays on Russo-Chechen Relations (Macmillan Press Ltd., 1998), in Central Asian Survey 18.2, 1999, 261-4.

140 Georgia: the language-situation, in HSK: Soziolinguistik, 2006, 1897-99.

141 Review of Anatol Lieven Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power (Yale University Press),in Central Asian Survey 18.3, 1999, 398-401.

142 Review of Charles van der Leeuw Storm over the Caucasus (Curzon Press, Caucasus World, xi + 212 pages, 1999), in BSOAS

143 Review of Edgar O'Ballance Wars in the Caucasus 1990-95 (Macmillan Press, xxviii + 238 pages, 1997), in Central Asian Survey 18.2, 1999, 257-261.

144 Review of Anita L.P. Burdett (ed.) Caucasian Boundaries 1802-1946 (Archive Editions, xxiv + 904 pages and 18 maps in separate box), in Central Asian Survey, 20.2, 2001, 229-248.

145 Review of Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca 36. Corpus Nazianzenum 5. Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeni Opera. Versio Iberica I. Orationes I, XLV, XLIV, XLI. Edited by Elene Met’reveli et al (XL + 297 pages, Turnhout, Brepols, Leuven University Press, 1998), in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society April 2000.

146 Review of Georgij A. Klimov Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in Linguistics, Documentation 16, Mouton De Gruyter, xv + 504 pages, 1998), in BSOAS

147 'Introduction' & 'Languages' in G. Hewitt (ed.) The Abkhazians. A Handbook, 13-22 & 167-175, 1998.

148 A universal script for Circassian, in Horizon: a literary almanac, 365-374, 2000.

149 Review of John B. Dunlop Russia confronts Chechnya. Roots of a separatist conflict (CUP), in Central Asian Survey

150 'Abkhazia, Georgia and the Circassians (NW Caucasus)', in Central Asian Survey   18.4, 463-99, 1999.

151 Review of 'A question of sovereignty: the Georgia-Abkhazia peace process', Issue 7 1999 of Accord -- an international review of peace initiatives, in Central Asian Survey

152 Morphology revisited: some irregularities of the Abkhaz verb, in Helma van den Berg (ed.) Studies in Caucasian Linguistics: Selected Papers of the Eighth Caucasian Colloquium, 197-208, Leiden, 1999.

153 Review of Ori Z. Soltes (ed.) 'National Treasures of Georgia', in Circle of Inner Asian Art (CIAA), SOAS Newsletter, No.11, June 2000, 26-31.

154 Western travellers to the Caucasus, in J. Speake (ed.) The Literature of Travel and Exploration, 1, 199-202. 2003. Fitzroy Dearbon.

155 Convergence in language-change: morpho-syntactic patterns in Mingrelian (& Laz),Transactions of the Philological Society (TPS) 99.1, 99-145, 2001.

156 An Exercise in Abkhaz Comparative Dialectology: in the steps of N. Ja. Marr, in Wolfram Bublitz, Manfred von Roncador und Heinz Vaterr (eds.) Philologie,Typologie und Sprachstruktur: Festschrift für Winfried Boeder zum 65 Geburtstag, 47-64. 2002. Franfurt am Main usw: Peter Lang Verlag. [With Zaira Khiba]

157 Review of A.E. Redgate 'The Armenians', in THES 12 May 2000

158 The North Caucasus, in HSK: Soziolinguistik

159 Nekotorye soobrazhenija o jazykax, orfografii i literature [Some thoughts on languages, orthography and literature], in Respublika Abxazii [Republic of Abkhazia].

160 Review of David Crystal Language Death, in BSOAS

161 Review of Donald Rayfield Georgian Literature: a history (2nd edition), in BSOAS          

162 Review of Svante Cornell Small Nations & Great Powers , in Royal Society for Asian Affairs XXXII.2, 196-199, 2001, entitled 'Conflict in the Caucasus'.

163 Review of Tamila Mgaloblishvili (ed.) Ancient Christianity in the Caucasus, in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society vol. 11, part 3.

164 Review of Mzia Ebanoidze & John Wilkinson (eds.) TIMOTHY GABASHVILI: Pilgrimage to Mount Athos, Constantinople and Jerusalem 1755-1759, in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.

165 Review of Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca 36. Corpus Nazianzenum 5. Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeni Opera. Versio Iberica I. Oratio XXXVIII. Edited by Elene Met’reveli et al (XL + 297 pages, Turnhout, Brepols, Leuven University Press, 1998), Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society April 2002.

166 Review of Amjad Jaimoukha (ed.) The Circassians (Curzon Press), in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society April 2002

167 North West Caucasian, in Lingua 115, 1-2, 91-145. Jan-Feb 2005.

168 Review of O. Kadschaia & H. Fähnrich Mingrelisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch, in BSOAS

169 Entries on Abkhazians (vol. I A-D, 1-2), Mingrelians (vol. III, M-R, 944-5), Svans (vol. IV, S-Z, 1504-5), Ajars (vol. I, A-D) in Encyclopedia of Russian History, 2004, Macmillan, New York.

170 'A selection of the Abkhaz corpus' -- 10 stories from the Abkhaz Nart epic translated (with Zaira Khiba) in John Colarusso Nart Sagas from the Caucasus (Princeton University Press), pp. 321-379, 2002.

171 Review of HELMA VAN DEN BERG:Dargi folktales. Oral stories from the Caucasus and an introduction to Dargi grammar, in BSOAS

172 Review of EMMANUEL KARAGIANNIS Energy and Security in the Caucasus, in Journal of the Royal Society for Asian Affairs

173 VICTOR A. SHNIRELMAN: The Value of the Past: Myths, Identity and Politics in Transcaucasia. Senri Ethnological Studies 57, reviewed in BSOAS

174 Abkhazia, in Fitzroy Dearbon's Encyclopaedia on Censorship 2, 913-4. 2003.

175 Review of J. Nichols and A. Vagapov's Chechen-English Dictionary and of J. Nichols' Ingush-English Dictionary, in BSOAS

176 Towards a comparative syntax of the Kartvelian languages, in Dag Haug & Eirik Welo (eds.) Haptachahapta:itish — Festschrift for Fridrik Thordarson, Novus Forlag. The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture. Oslo, 2005, 119-138.

177 The syntax of complementation in Abkhaz, in Iran and the Caucasus, 9.2, 332-379, 2005. Leiden: Brill.

178 Caucasian Languages, 2nd edition of Elsevier Encyclopædia of Language & Linguistics, 2005.

179 Georgian, 2nd edition of Elsevier Encyclopædia of Language & Linguistics, 2005.

180 Georgia, 2nd edition of Elsevier Encyclopædia of Language & Linguistics, 2005.

181 Abkhaz, 2nd edition of Elsevier Encyclopædia of Language & Linguistics, 2005.

182 Review of Moshe Gammer 'The Lone Wolf and the Bear: three centuries of Chechen defiance of Russian rule', in Middle East Quarterly.

183 Abkhaz Comparatives, in Archiv Orientální, 75.2, 215-237, 2007.

184 Cases, arguments, verbs in Abkhaz, Georgian and Mingrelian, in Case and Grammatical  Relations. Studies in Honor of Bernard Comrie, edited by G.G. Corbett & M. Noonan, 75-104. Typological Studies in Language 81. 2008 (J. Benjamin)

185  Similarities and Differences: some verbal contrasts between Georgian and Mingrelian, in Chomolangma, Demawend und Kasbek. Festschrift for R. Bielmeier (657-676, 2008)

186 Conditional and Other Functions of Forms in /(-zA(.))r/ in Abkhaz, paper read at the Paris Caucasian Conference, 11-14 Dec 2006. In Iran and the Caucasus 12.1, 2008, 57-72

187 Review of Moshe Gammer & David J. Wasserstein Daghestan and the World of Islam,  in Middle Eastern Studies 43.3, May 2007, 491-494.

188 Review of Christoph H. Stefes Understanding Post-Soviet Transitions: Corruption, Collusion and Clientelism, in Slavonic & East European Review, 2007.

189 Review of Moshe Gammer Ethno-Nationalism, Islam and the State in the Caucasus: Post-Soviet Disorder, in Middle Eastern Studies 44.2, 341-44.

190 Review of Heinz Fähnrich Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch, in BSOAS

191 Non-finite Verbal Functions in Abkhaz (North West Caucasian), in Franck Floricic (ed.) Essais de Typologie et de Linguistique Générale. Mélanges Offerts à Denis Creissels, 269-286, 2010. Paris: ENS Editions.

192 Are Verbs Always What They Seem To Be?, in Iran and the Caucasus, 12.2, 307-23, 2008

193 Review of Charles King's 'The Ghost of Freedom: a history of the Caucasus', to appear in BSOAS

194 Why independence for Abkhazia is the best solution, in EurasiaCritic, June, 2008, pp.21-25. Russian version in Chegemskaja Pravda 11 July, 2008.

195 Georgia: a danger to itself and Transcaucasian stability, in EurasiaCritic, Aug, 2008          

196 Abkhazia and Georgia: time for reassessment, in The Brown Journal of World Affairs XV, Issue II Spring/Summer, 2009, 183-196.

197 The Transcaucasian conflicts of August 2008: roots and lessons, in Global Issues 11, 2009.

198 Abkhazia and South Ossetia: a year on, on Open Democracy 11 August 2009

199 Abkhazia, Georgia, and history: a response, on Open Democracy 25 August 2009

200 Review of Jonathan Wheatley 'Georgia from National Awakening to Rose Revolution', in Slavonic & East European Review, 2010.

201 The Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences and Western Transcaucasia 1780s-1850s, pp. 75-95 in M. Branch (ed.) Defining Self. Essays on Emergent Identities Russia. Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries. 2009. Helsinki: Studia Fennica.

202 Vladislav Ardzinba, in Gennadij Alamia (ed.) Ardzynba Iaamta,  69-72, 2009, Istanbul.

203 Obituary for Vladislav Ardzinba in The Independent 19 April 2010.

204 Review of Ronald D. Asmus 'A Little War that Shook the World. Georgia, Russia and the Future of the West' in Slavonic & East European Review, 89.1, 1-3, 2011.

205 Some thoughts on Ronald D. Asmus 'A Little War that Shook the World. Georgia, Russiaand the Future of the West', conference-paper St. Andrew's 16-17 April 2010. European Security, Vol. 21, No. 1, March 2012, 129-138.

206 Review of TOM TRIER, HEDGIV LOHM, DAVID SZAKONYI: Under Siege. Inter-Ethnic Relations in Abkhazia, in BSOAS 74.1, 2011.

207 Review of FRANÇOISE COMPANJEN, LÁSZLÓ MARÁCZ, LIA VERSTEEGH (eds.) Exploring the Caucasus in the 21st Century (Essays on Culture, History and Politics in a Dynamic Context), in BSOAS

208 Abkhazia: two years of independence, on Open Democracy 13 August 2010

209 The Abkhazians and their Neighbours, in John Colarusso (ed.) Independence of Abkhazia and Prospects for the Caucasus, 71-78, 2010. Global Publishing.

210 Obituary for Sergej Bagapsh, The Independent, 2 July 2011.

211 Review of Paul B. Rich (ed.) Crisis in the Caucasus: Russia, Georgia and the West, in The Slavonic and East European Review 90.I, 188-191. 2012.

212 Abkhazia: presidential election, political future, on Open Democracy 30 August 2011

213 Abkhazia: from conflict to statehood, on Open Democracy 17 July 2012

214 Abkhazia in the light of the recent (22 February 2012) attempted assassination of President Aleksandr Ankvab, in EurasiaCritic

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